Period from 19:39 until 22:00 on February 18, 2014 is the first part of the big episode of Euromaidan assault, which took place from 19:50 until around 04:30 on February 19. This assault (“special operation”), as it became known later, according to the information announced by the press office of people's deputy Hennadii Moskal, got the code name "Boomerang".
Until the beginning of the assault, 15 protesters and 3 law-enforcers were killed or got mortal injuries (check episodes “Clutches” and “Perevisyshche”). A large-scale preparation for “special operation” took place: Maidan Nezalezhnosti was surrounded and a large number of law-enforcers and “titushkas” was gathered; at the same time, administrative resources were also involved (Kyiv Metro, Ukrainian State Centre of Radio Frequencies, etc.).
During the preparation for the assault on Maidan Nezalezhnosti there were about 20-25 thousand protesters; during the assault itself (about 21:00), their number decreased to 15 thousand. The perimeter of the confrontation were hold by no more than a thousand Maidan defenders. At the same time, on the opposite side, there were several thousand fully equipped soldiers of internal troops and “berkut” and several hundred of special forces people, armed with firearms (including automatic ones).
At 19:41:00 and 19:44:35 the demarcation grid between the parties of the confrontation on the Khreshchatyk Street was broken by the police car (check video cell 4\2), as the protesters did not allow the security forces to dismantle it manually.
At 19:45, police made the first attempt to block the traffic at the intersection of Velyka Zhytomyrska Street and Volodymyrska Street (to make it impossible to retreat from Maidan Nezalezhnosti). One of the traffic policemen turned the gun to the protesters (check 19:45:34 at video cell 3\4 and 19:46:18 at video cell 4\4). After 5 minutes, the traffic police post left the intersection under the pressure of passers-by. However, already at 22:18, this intersection will be controlled by two or three hundred of “titushkas” and it is there that they will kill Vasiltsov V.V. and Veremii V.V. (check the corresponding episode).
The assault of Euromaidan began with a triple ram attack on the barricade, which was located between the buildings of Federation of Trade Unions of Ukraine (FPU) and the Central Union of Consumer Societies of Ukraine (Ukoopspilka) on Khreshchatyk Street: at 19:50 – APC and truck, at 19:53 – APC and truck, at 19:59 – two APCs. At that time, at the barricade there were dozens of people who were falling from it during the ram attack. If the barricade was not sufficiently fortified and it could not withstand such pressure, the APCs could crush many protesters.
The headquarters of the “special operation” after the promulgation of the ultimatum at 16:00 and after preparing for the assault, considered that people would escape under the pressure of security forces, as it was during the beating on Institutska Street and in Mariinsky Park. However, the protesters also prepared for the assault, having prepared Molotov's cocktails and pyrotechnics. The third ram attack on the barricade done with two APCs ended with the loss of one of them – it burned down. The crew of this APC, evacuated by the law enforcement officers, received some light burns and was frightened.
At 20:00 from the side of Institutska Street, the attack began with the help of two water cannons (one of them had already rammed the "upper" barricade immediately after the crush, check the episode “Clutches”). The third APC, with the assault position just behind the pedestrian bridge, was not used for the assault, because law enforcement officers already occupied the last barricade in this direction (“Lvivska Brama”), and there were no obstacles for the attack. In general, from this direction, at least three water cannons (2 KamAZs and 1 KrAZ) were used against the protesters. They rotated permanently to replenish reserves for water guns.
At 20:06, the mobile TV station of TSN was evacuated, because it appeared in the epicentre of the confrontation on Institutska Street.
During the gradual movement of security forces at 20:30 at the Ukoopspilka building on Institutska Street the tent of Spilno.tv was set on fire.
At 21:17-21:21, law enforcement officers managed to occupy one edge of the barricade on Khreshchatyk Street, from the side of Ukoopspilka, in the place where the APC burned down. It was the place where the barricade was the least fortified, because before the attack there was an aisle, which was quickly blocked up by the protesters.
Around 21:30, the evacuation of protesters from the building of the Federation of Trade Unions of Ukraine began because it was possible that law enforcement officers would try to occupy it (it was still 2-2.5 till the fire).
The flanks of the barricade remained divided between the sides of the confrontation for about 20-25 minutes, until the security forces began to burn all the tents next to it (in particular the Kolomyian tent was set on fire at 21:42).
After law-enforcers occupied the barricade on Khreshchatyk Street and progressed minimally from the side of Institutska Street (up to the level of the Independence Monument), the protesters retreated no more than 100 meters (some of them had to be evacuated through the underground passage; check 21:45 at video cell 3\3).
Between 20:00 on February 18 until 00:30 on February 19, 13 protesters were killed during the assault (11 died immediately, two others – after some time). The first people to be killed during the assault were Bondariev S.A. (20:09:49) and Plekhanov O.V. (20:10:33) - check video cell 4\1. The exact time, place and murder circumstances of other protesters are still being established.
Besides 13 protester who got mortal injuries directly during the assault, two people died during the conflagration in the building of the Federation of Trade Unions of Ukraine, and two more people were killed by “titushkas” at the intersection of Velyka Zhytomyrska Street and Volodymyrska Street – in general 17 people. From the side of security forces during the assault 6 people were killed (Vlasenko D.O., Bulitko V.V., Fediukin A.V., Ivanenko O.M., Zakharchenko V.M., Tsvyhun S.V.).
Protesters who were killed during “the special operation” (not in chronological order, correct time is still to be defined):
- Boikiv Volodymyr – assault;
- Bondariev Serhii – assault;
- Brezdeniuk Valerii – assault;
- Kapinos Oleksandr – assault;
- Kulchytskyi Volodymyr – assault;
- Maksymov Dmytro – assault;
- Paskhalin Yurii – assault;
- Plekhanov Oleksandr – assault;
- Prokhorskyi Vasyl – assault;
- Chernenko Andrii – assault;
- Shvets Viktor – assault;
- Sydorchuk Yurii – assault (died on June 28, 2014);
- Orlenko Viktor – assault (died on June 3, 2015);
- Vasiltsov Vitalii – at the intersection of Velyka Zhytomyrska Street and Volodymyrska Street;
- Veremii Viacheslav – at the intersection of Velyka Zhytomyrska Street and Volodymyrska Street;
- Klitynskyi Oleksandr – conflagration at the Federation of Trade Unions of Ukraine (FPU);
- Topii Volodymyr – conflagration at the Federation of Trade Unions of Ukraine (FPU).