This episode covers the period from 15:39 to 17:26 on February 18, 2014.
In the interval from 12:30 to 13:00, there was the first fatal victim of this day – Zakharov V.K. (1948), a technical worker (not a protester, not a law enforcement officer, not a "titushka") of the Party of Regions office in the Lypska Street, who died from poisoning with carbon monoxide, caused by arson.
During 1.5 hours (from 13:30 to 15:00), at the time of peaceful procession to Verkhovna Rada, law-enforcers and "titushkas" have already killed (or fatally injured) six of the protesters: Kishchuk V.Iu. (born 1956), Serdiuk I.M. (born 1969), Shapoval S.B. (born 1969), Korchak A.B. (born 1964), Didych S.V. (born 1969, who, as a result of law enforcement officers' punches on his head fell and was run over by a truck). They also inflicted bodily harm to Mazur A.A. (born 1987), who died later in the hospital.
At 15:39, the protesters were already pushed to the intersection of Shovkovychna Street and Instytutska Street, law-enforcers completely cleared Mariinskyi Park, Kriposnyi Lane and partially Instytutska Street.
At 15:40-15:41, law enforcement officers ("berkut" and internal troops), reinforced with three water cannons, cross the intersection of Shovkovychna Street and Instytutska Street, pushing the Maidan supporters to the intersection with Sadova Street. However, this line was not held for a long time, and at 15:46 law enforcement officers started the attack along Instytutska Street, throwing light-noise grenades on the protesters. Thousands of people began to flee from persecutors towards Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Nezalezhnosti Square). However, those who were late or behind (and this was mainly elderly people) got blows of truncheons from law enforcement officers. Those who were already lying were booted. This was a reason for many craniocerebral injuries (both closed and open); among the victims, there were women, teenagers and elderly people.
In particular, the injuries received at 15:47-15:49 in Instytutska Street near the house №16 (the part closer to the house №14), caused coma and, later, death of Nakonechnyi I.М. (born 1931) and Nechyporenko A.I. (born 1941).
Zaiko Ya.Ya. (born 1940), who succeeded to get to the Khreshchatyk metro station, managed to go down (the last call he received at 15:49), but at the next station, Teatralna, he was taken out dead from the metro carriage. He died of heart failure at around 16:00.
At 15:50 in Kyiv, they started to close the metro (entrances), and until 16:30, the movement eventually stopped.
At 16:00 the head of SSU Yakymenko O.H. and the Minister of Interior of Ukraine Zakharchenko V.Yu. issued a common statement (ultimatum) with the requirement to stop the protests until 18:00, because otherwise: "the authorities have the power to introduce proper order".
Escaping from beating, a huge number of people ran to the intersection with Olhynska Street – to the "upper" (starting on February 20 – "snow") barricade at 15:49-15:50, the passage in it was only a few meters. A small group ran down Olhynska Street or ran into the metro, which was still open. However, the overwhelming majority was squeezed into a barricade and with law enforcement behind which were all geared up for cruel and violent actions. People, escaping, tried to squeeze themselves into the passage or jump into the foundation pit on the right side. The crush in the passage became so dense, that it led to the death of Dvorianets A.H. (born 1952) and Khurtsiia Z. (born 1960, a citizen of Georgia). So less than in 10 minutes the number of deadly wounded protesters increased by another five (Nakonechnyi, Nechyporenko, Dvorianets, Khurtsiia, Zaiko). In general, at 16:00 on February 18, 2014, 11 people were killed or deadly injured (in addition to four protesters in January). No law-enforcers was killed yet.
Moving further beyond the barricade, on their way law enforcement officers began to burn the tents, which were situated above the hotel "Ukraine", and to smash up the cars parked near "Kinopalats". They stopped above the level of the pedestrian bridge (16:03) and completely occupied the platform in front of Zhovtnevyi Palace at 16:24-16:28. Law enforcers, having occupied Zhovtnevyi Palace, beat its guards and disabled the video surveillance system; in this way, they destroyed video evidences. At 16:28-16:32, they moved even further, to the next barricade ("Lvivska Brama") under the bridge, occupying also the bridge, the top of the stairs from the building of Ukoopspilka and the top level of the shopping centre "Hlobus". From this upper level, they fired pump-action firearms at the protesters who were below, threw stones, and also set fire to the tents located near Independence monument (16:36-16:37); one of these tents was used as a church on Maidan.
At the same time (16:05-16:08), the barricade breakthrough took place at the intersection of Hrushevskyi Street and Petrivska Alley. Much longer time of this barricade retention was caused by the fact that people were behind it. However, even in this direction of Maidan assault there were victims beaten by law-enforcers, but without fatal outcomes. Leaving Hrushevskyi Street law enforcement officers crossed the Yevropeiska Square (16:11-16:12) and took the position on the level between the building of Ukoopspilka and Alfa Bank (16:13-16:14).
The established line of demarcation in Khreshchatyk consisted of protesters' barricade, 10-12 meters from it, across the street, a net was stretched, and another 20 meters further, there was a line of law-enforcers (check at 16:19 video cell 1\1).
After 15 killed protesters (in general in January and February, at 16:15 on February 18, 2014), some unidentified people decided to repulse. Thus, in the direction of the law-enforcers' assault from Khreshchatyk Street two law enforcement officers were deadly wounded: at 16:13-16: 17 it was Tepliuk I.I. (born 1993), and at 16:13-16:19 it was the second one – Tretiak M.L. (born 1993); check video cells 3\1, 3\2 at 16:31:57.
However, not everything is so clear, and there is no evidence that the protesters opened the fire at the law-enforcers. At the same time, law enforcement agentry worked on Maidan (check below). But none of those who shot at law enforcement officers was identified (in general in the afternoon and in the evening on February 18 and at night of February 19, 9 law-enforcers were killed) [check episode “Perevisyshche”, the speech of Kniazhytskyi M.L. at 18:28 about "detained police warrant officers who shot at law-enforcers with MP"].
At video cells 3\1, 3\2 at 16:48:17 a group carrying the wounded law enforcement officer appears in the rear of the law-enforcers (80-90 meters deep, near the bank Khreshchatyk). Among this group, one man differs a lot – he is dressed as a protester (camouflage jacket, military helmet, etc.). About six minutes (until 16:54) he is among law enforcement officers, communicates with them, then approaches one of them, signals his hand that he is returning, picks up the nearest stretcher and heads for the line of separation in Khreshchatyk. It was not possible to cross this line without being noticed by both sides of the confrontation (check above).
Everyone can make a conclusion on the role of the security agents on Maidan, taking into consideration the fact that security service did not identify any of those who shot at law-enforcers on February 18-19. At 19:12, in the area above the stairs from Ukoopspilka building (on the slope) another law enforcement officer was deadly wounded (Honcharov V.I., born 1989). There is also an open question about where the shot at him was actually done from, since the protesters at that time (from 16:30) were at a lower level – on Maidan.
After the killing of 3 law-enforcers (two in the direction of Khreshchatyk Street, one in the direction of Instytutska Street), the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine and the Security Service of Ukraine received the reason to begin a "counter-terrorist operation" for mopping-up Maidan, since "radical, armed with firearms forces are on Maidan". It should be mentioned that before this moment (in Shovkovychna Street, Lypska Street, Kriposnyi Lane, and Mariinskyi Park) no law-enforcers were killed.
After the advance of law-enforcers at 16:28-16:32 to the level of the barricade "Lvivska Brama", in the area in front of the entrance to the shopping centre "Hlobus", just below the level of the pedestrian bridge, at 16:48:56 in the frame (video cell 2\2) Major General, the Head of the South Territorial Headquarters, Plakhuta I.V. appears. After the Revolution of Dignity, he retired and took the post of vice-chancellor of the Institute of Administration of State Guard.
Plakhuta I.V. at 17:50-17:51 (check episode “Perevisyshche”) will give a comment to the journalist in which he will introduce himself and assure that there will be no assault (although in fact, it will actually remain just two hours till the attack).
For video synchronization of this episode, the records from 15 video cameras of video surveillance were used. However, the number of entries from those cameras should be at least twice as large. Immediately after the events of February 18-20, 2014, the destruction of the video evidences of law-enforcers' crimes took place, including the disappearance of records from the cameras of the State Security Service units at such addresses: Instytutska Street, 7 (Club of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine), Instytutska Street, 8 (Committee of Verkhovna Rada), Sadova Street, 3a (Committee of Verkhovna Rada), Lypska Street, 3 (Committee of Verkhovna Rada). In addition, many important fragments from the records of the bank "Arkada" (Olhynska Street, 3) were cut out. No one was held liable for the destruction of these data (including government agencies). People who destroyed these data are not even identified (and these are officials responsible for video surveillance).
In a massive beating and crush on the Instytutska Street, which led to five deaths of the protesters, took part hundreds of law enforcement officers: units of the internal troops, "berkut", their middle and upper managers, and three water cannon drivers (one of which rammed the "upper" barricade). No one is punished for the beatings and deaths of the protesters. None of the law-enforcers has been identified (and this is the crew of units and sub-units) – both those who directly beat, and those who remained silent accomplices.